Originally Posted by deathwing8966
Any books that cover arpeggios, bass chords, scales, etc.? All in one book? Or a collection of books that would help me to study all those (or more haha)?
How about all on three screens...... Not the whole story, however, enough to get you started.
Bass Patterns based upon the Major Scale box. |
Question; what is an arpeggio? Answer; a chord's notes played one note at a time. Using the major scale box want to play a Cmaj7 arpeggio. Find a C note on your 3rd or 4th string of your fretboard. Place the box's R (root note) over that C note on your fretboard then play the scale degrees that make the Cmaj7 arpeggio. They are the R-3-5-7 scale degrees found within the box. Want the G7 arpeggio? Find a G note on your fretboard; place the box's R over that G note and play the scale degrees of the G7 arpeggio, which are R-3-5-b7. Notice the spelling of the G7 arpeggio is a little different. Look at the scale degree "spelling" listed below.
Major Scale Box.
G|---2---|-------|---3---|---4---| 1st string
• Major Triad = R-3-5 C chord
• Minor Triad = R-b3-5 Cm chord
• Diminished Chord = R-b3-b5 Cdim chord
• Maj7 = R-3-5-7 Cmaj7 chord
• Minor 7 = R-b3-5-b7 Cm7 chord
• Dominant 7 = R-3-5-b7 C7 chord
• ½ diminished = R-b3-b5-b7 Cm7b5 chord
• Full diminished = R-b3-b5-bb7 C with the little o with no strike through
See a chord and play it's chord tones. As every key will have three major , three minor and one diminished chord it's a good idea to get your major, minor and diminished bass line chord tones into muscle memory so when you see a chord your fingers just know what will work. Now the song may only give you enough room for the root, or root five - adapt and get as many chord tones into your bass line as needed. Root on 1 and a steady groove from the other chord tones plus something to call attention to the chord change is what we do. What is a groove? For now let it be root on the 1st beat, then follow the beat of the kick drum for beats 2, 3 & 4 (for a 4/4 song). The beat is important, the actual notes - well you can groove with just roots, so let's try locking in with your metronome, drum machine, click track or what ever you will use for your beat. You've got a groove going when your head starts moving to the beat.
Generic Notes - for your bass line.
• The root, five and eight are generic and fit most any chord. Remember the diminished has a flatted 5.
• The 3 is generic to all major chords. So R-3-5-3 will fit under any major chord.
• The b3 is generic to all minor chords. And R-b3-5-8 will fit under any minor chord. Why the 8? Well the 8 is just another root in the next octave.
• The 7 is generic to all maj7 chords. Yep, R-3-5-7 fits nicely.
• The b7 is generic to all dominant seventh and minor seventh chords. G7 = R-3-5-b7 or Gm7 = R-b3-5-b7.
• The 6 is neutral and adds color, help yourself to 6’s. Love the sound of R-3-5-6 with a major chord.
• The 2 and 4 make good passing notes. Don’t linger on them or stop on them, keep them passing.
• In making your bass line help yourself to those notes, just use them correctly.
• Roots, fives, eights and the correct 3 & 7 will play a lot of bass.
Call up some fake chord sheet music and play the notes of the chord to the beat of the song.
I use the major scale's spelling as home base. If I want the natural minor scale I visualize the pattern for the major scale and then flat the 3, 6 & 7 scale degrees of the major scale - changing those three notes I now have the natural minor scale. Want the minor pentatonic - using the natural minor scale I just leave out the 2 and b6 scale degrees and I now have the minor pentatonic scale. Visualize the major or natural minor scale and base everything else off of the major scale for major "stuff" and the natural minor scale for the minor "stuff".
• Major Scale = R-2-3-4-5-6-7 Home base
• Major Pentatonic = R-2-3-5-6 Leave out the 4 & 7
• Natural Minor Scale = R-2-b3-4-5-b6-b7 Major scale with the 3, 6 & 7 flatted.
• Minor Pentatonic = R-b3-4-5-b7 Leave out the 2 & 6.
• Blues = R-b3-4-b5-5-b7 Minor pentatonic with the blue note b5 added.
• Harmonic Minor Scale = R-2-b3-4-5-b6-7 Natural minor with a natural 7.
• Melodic Minor Scale = R-2-b3-4-5-6-7 Major scale with a b3.
Let the major scale be your home base then change a few notes and you have something different. No need to memorize a zillion patterns. Let the major scale pattern be your go to pattern - then adapt/adjust from there.
Question; why do I need more than just one scale? Answer; each scale has a signature sound that develops from the specific note combinations found in that scale.
This should keep you busy for several months. I found these sites helpful. http://www.guitar-chords.org.uk/chords-key-c.html http://ts1.mm.bing.net/th?id=H.49331...72482&pid=15.1
Next step ---
You have a I-IV-V7-I chord progression for this song. Using the box the I chord's root is located at the R, the IV
root is located at the 4 and the V7 is located at the 5. OK you've moved to the IV chord and are pounding out root notes - still within the box -- but now you want to add a five and play a R-5-R-5 over that IV chord. No need to move the box - just extend it....
Using the IV's root as your new root where is the IV's five? Where it always is - up a string and over two frets, or right below the root on the next string down. R-5-R-5
Where would IV's 3 be? Where it always is up a string and back one fret. R-3-R-3.
Where would IV's 5 be? We already established this above. R-5-R-5.
Where would the 6 be? Where it always is right over the 3 on the next string up. R-3-5-6.
Where would the 7 be? Where it always is up two strings and over one fret. R-3-5-7. The dominant seven (b7) is up two strings same fret as the root.
Chart of the bass fretboard. http://www.celticguitarmusic.com/bassch1.gif