There will be an awful lot of variation in arching hight from model to model, maker to maker, and even instrument to instrument from the same maker. If one is building by hand, each build is and investment in and ideas of how to make it sound "good". Arching height will be one of those variables that has a lot of impact on the end results in tone.
I will sight some examples, I have seen very old basses with tops sunken nearly flat that sound amazing (not saying there is any causality there) I have seen basses nearly 50mm of arch that looked as though if you taped up the f holes you'd have a serviceable canoe and the thing sounded very pleasing.
Personally, I was bound by some lumber constraints in my first (and only at the moment, number two is to come) build. Beautiful back place was round but only 23mm heigh. Top was average-ish 40 or so mm.
Take these measurements with a very well endowed grain of salt, these are the final dimensions (if the rough stock is wedged shaped, will all of the arching fit? Not just the center line). Flat backs are a very nice way of saving money on fancy hardwoods.
The time you'll be investing will be the most expensive step. Don't skimp on Lumber.