The real problem, in PC recording, is the ins and out. The more ins and outs, the better. Trying to plug directly into the computer's factory sound card is an iffy proposition.The easiest solution is usually some sort of USB audio interface, or a small mixer that, in effect, works like an audio interface. Either of these will take care of the ins and outs. Microphones plug in. Instruments plug in. Line level devices plug in. Headphone out, speaker out, line out. Lots of outs is a good thing. The interface, or mixer, plugs into the PC by USB. Simple. No, or very few, adapters needed. Many interfaces, or mixers, have phantom power for microphones that need it. Most of these devices come with recording software that makes setup very easy. If they don't come with software, that Reaper program does work well.
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