For all of those who don't know, many believe Tolkien wrote the Lord of the Rings as a metaphor for World War Two. I think I may have it figured out: The Eagles: Americans Saruman and Army: Japanese Sauron and Mordor: Germany The Wild Men: The Ottoman Empire The Dwarves: Soviets The Elves: British If that's all good, what does the ring represent? And who represents the Italians? Who do the Ents represent? Why does Saruman return to the Shire? Who do the Hobbits represent?