From my blog at: http://davebuergeronbass.blogspot.com/2014/03/make-your-music-pay-with-strategic.html The old fashioned way to make money from music was based on record/CD sales. Those have tanked to historical lows for nearly every musician. Paid downloads such as from iTunes are also trending down. Streaming services pay a pittance. Fees for live performances are quickly eaten by touring expenses. As for "merch": how many unworn tee-shirts can you stuff in a drawer that's already full? The last bastion of profit is in managing revenue streams from publishing rights. It's no surprise that the publishing frontier offers opportunity because it's so darn hard to understand. Obscurity has served publishers and lawyers very well for decades. And now it's time that musicians rise to the challenge and fight for their rights -- and money. A good overview of this realm is a long article by Budi Voogt, "Now You Know Everything About Music Publishing..." Highlights of where you can collect dough include: Publishing Copyright (musical composition vs. sound recording) Publishers Royalties Performing artists Mechanicals Public performance of musical compositions Digital performance of sound recordings Public performance of sound recordings Home taping, rental and lending Synchronizations (especially instrumentals, customized work for hire, and monetizing YouTube videos) Sampling and music libraries This information is dense and challenging. But don't wait to learn. He who hesitates automatically loses to the person who knows how to steal what's yours.