I picked up New Order's "Academy" video in a charity shop last week (some good bits when they're actually playing as a live band and not using sequenced basslines/drums), and was considering Peter Hook's comments in a couple of interviews (Bass Player, The Guitar Magazine), moaning about "his sound" getting copied/ripped off by The Cure, Cocteau Twins etc. if he means that chorused bass tone, who was the first to use it? as far as I know, Peter Hook first used it on record on "24 HRS" on Joy Division's 1980 album Closer. this predates The Cure's Simon Gallup using chorus/flanger on the 1981 Cure album Faith, and also the Cocteau Twins around 1982. but Steven Severin of Siouxsie & The Banshees used a chorused bass tone on "Israel" also in 1980. Barry Adamson of Magazine used chorus on "The light pours out of me" in 1978. he, like Peter Hook in Joy Division days, used a Rickenbacker 4001. Magazine also used Joy Division/New Order producer Martin Hannett on later albums. so who was the first? however, in genres other than new wave, did Pink Floyd use chorus on bass before this? also in jazz/funk etc, did Jaco, Marcus Miller, Stanley Clarke, Bootsy Collins (no stranger to effects), Jeff Berlin?