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Cab design ?

Discussion in 'Amps and Cabs [BG]' started by fuzzy beard, Jun 2, 2011.

  1. Just got home from checking out the new ampeg pf cabs and heads. Found them to be amazing!

    But while looking at them i noticed i did not see any baffling? It seemed to be just a box with speakers and some padding around the sides. And from what i have been reading cabs are not suppose to be so simple!

    So how do they sound so good and not real boomy? I love the design and concept of the cabs. And had a hard time leaving with out the pf350 and 115.But still a little heavy for what i want. I would love to see a 112 cab offered with the same flip top options.That would bring the weight down and still have the flip top storage and convinence.

    But then again i guess there is no reason for a pf112. You could just get a 112 combo.
  2. No cab design gods on tonight?(BFM,greenboy,duke,jimmy m,anyone!)
  3. fdeck

    fdeck Supporting Member Commercial User

    Mar 20, 2004
    Madison WI
    HPF Technology LLC
    Well, I'm not a design god, but I have some info on speaker design theory at my little website. And I'm interested in this stuff.

    Actually a plain sealed or ported speaker doesn't have to be complex, but one of the "upgrades" to the basic design is to make it a lot lighter.
  4. will33


    May 22, 2006
    Don't know what you mean by "baffling". The front panel that the speaker is mounted in is called the baffle. There should be some type of foam or other lining on the inside walls of the box.
  5. What do you mean by the upgrade comment?I dont understand what upgrades would make it lighter?

    will33 yes it was lined.I thought baffles where in cabs to cut down sound wave bouncing inside the cab. I didnt know that the front panel was called a baffle. I guess when i hear baffle i think like a fuel tank that has baffles to keep fuel from sloshing around to much. Are all cabs just boxes with a speaker in the front?Granted i know we are not talking about ported cabs.
  6. Just did some searching about cab baffle. All results show that i know nothing about cab design!
  7. rpsands


    Jul 6, 2007
    Phoenix, AZ
    All cabinets are highly dependent upon the parameters of the speakers. Speakers designed for sealed cabinets may not sound as good in ported cabinets, and vice versa.

    So, you take a sealed box, make it big enough, put a driver with a high Q in there, and stuff it appropriately, and you'll get a cab that isn't boomy!
  8. One Drop

    One Drop

    Oct 10, 2004
    Swiss Alps
    It's baffling.
  9. JimmyM

    JimmyM Supporting Member

    Apr 11, 2005
    Apopka, FL
    Endorsing: Ampeg Amps, EMG Pickups
    I'm so not a speaker guru, but I happen to know that the reason for having the padding is to kill standing waves inside the box. In a sealed cab, there should be foam stuffing. In ported cabs, the inside walls should be lined. But it's possible that Ampeg figured that was all they needed to do to kill the standing waves in that cab. The old Portaflex cabs were ported, and only the back wall had any padding in any of them, and that doesn't conform to the rule that all inside walls should be lined, yet when I added padding to the other walls, it didn't make a difference to the tone. That padding on the back wall was enough to do the job.

    So maybe the reason they sound amazing is that the existing padding is enough to do the job.
  10. DukeLeJeune

    DukeLeJeune rational romantic mystic cynical idealist Supporting Member Commercial User

    Nov 24, 2008
    Princeton, Texas
    Owner & designer, AudioKinesis; Auth. mfg, Big E (Home Audio only)
    Bracing and some sound-absorbent material are usually sufficient to get good sound from a speaker + well-designed box, unless the designer wants to do something fancy like a transmission line. I built literally tons of transmission line speakers as an amateur, and don't think they are cost-effective if labor expense is included (which it is for the pro, but often not for the amateur).
  11. billfitzmaurice

    billfitzmaurice Commercial User

    Sep 15, 2004
    New Hampshire
    Owner, Bill Fitzmaurice Loudspeaker Design
    It did, but the only way you'd notice it is if you had both versions side by side to listen to. Lining only the back does about 80% of the job, so lining the sides as well is a relatively minor additional improvement.
  12. will33


    May 22, 2006
    OP the "techgnology" behind making the cabs lighter is to use thinner plywood and brace it more to make it rigid enough so it doesn't vibrate/resonate. That way of doing it adds a lot of labor cost to the build. People keep buying the simpler/thicker wood boxes so there's no reason for companies to do it on a large scale. Wood density is a factor as well.

    T-lines and horns do have internal panels and patterns the may resemble fuel tank baffling a little bit but that stuff's designed in a specific way to direct and enhance soundwaves and specific frequencies. The how's and why's of the way they work is well beyond my pay grade as I'm far from being a god as well. I read up on them and might understand just enough to get myself in trouble or say something stupid. :)

    The horn is perhaps the most efficient design and works on the same principle as a tuba taking the little buzz from your lips and turning it into a big deep loud sound. The speaker provides the sound source like your lips did in the tuba and the horn is made of angled wood panels instead of rolled/shaped brass.

    I stick to my "regular" boxes and leave the rest to the pro's.
  13. JimmyM

    JimmyM Supporting Member

    Apr 11, 2005
    Apopka, FL
    Endorsing: Ampeg Amps, EMG Pickups
    I will admit that my critical listening skills are maybe not the most superb out there, but I have two B-15 extension cabs that use the same driver, and I honestly couldn't tell the difference. But now that you said this, it makes me want to go try it again and see if I still feel the same way. Probably won't do it, though...I get ambitious about stuff like that for 10 minutes, then I forget about it if I don't immediately do it ;)
  14. So why is the front panel called a baffle? In every thing else i know about(deisel mechanic) baffles are used to slow down flow. That being fluid or air. Guess i heard baffle and had my own ideal about what was inside there.

    Also what is meant by a good design box? It looked as simple as a box and speakers! I know there is more to cab design or everyone would just build there own. Can anyone link me some cab design reading?

    Also anyone else like the flip top 112 ideal? Has it been done?
  15. will33


    May 22, 2006
    Ya know I don't know why it's called a baffle either....just is. Must be some reason. There is something called the baffle step frequency, has to do with how the soundwaves roll off the front of the cab.
  16. JimmyM

    JimmyM Supporting Member

    Apr 11, 2005
    Apopka, FL
    Endorsing: Ampeg Amps, EMG Pickups
    Yes, about 50 years ago by Ampeg.
  17. will33


    May 22, 2006
    Can't do links from a phone but these guys can point you to some good reading. A search will turn up lots of good stuff. There's a good explanation of thiele/small parameters in eminences site. WinISD Pro is a free download program to model woofer/box interaction but you have to know what this stuff means to make use of it.
  18. skychief


    Apr 27, 2011
    South Bay
    It actually IS a baffle. Picture a speaker suspended on metal rods within a box. There is nothing to contain or slow down the sound and you truly have no baffle. With the front panel in place, there is a surface or "baffle" to reflect and dampen resonant frequencies.
  19. Foz


    Jul 26, 2008
    Jax FL USA
    There is nothing wrong with your general understanding of the word, its just that it has a special meaning in speaker designer jargon. The "baffle" in that context is the divider [baffle] between the front and rear sides of the driver... as in infinite baffle:

    Loudspeaker enclosure - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    or open baffle

    Open Baffle

    OTOH in architectural acoustics a baffle is a panel of a porous absorber material used to diminish the persistence of sound reverberation in a room... which is closer to what your are used to using the word to describe. Don't fight it - its just jargon.

  20. Just weird thinking you know somthing and then finding out your way wrong! And now i am off to find a 112 flip top jimmy said ampeg made. Think they will reissue it with all the hype about the new ones?

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