CITES is enforced at border crossing points by those countries that are signatories to the treaty. Chile is one of them. Unfortunately, how each country enforces the treaty, and the practical consequences of enforcement, is up to each member country. So, what might be a reasonable guess for what will or won’t be a problem in the US (where I am a citizen) might not be true in Chile. That said, here is a good source if information: League of American Orchestras You will see that non commercial (“personal”) travel with a bass containing less than 10kg of rosewood (not including Brazilian rosewood) is ok. In the US, bringing a bass into the country that was purchased out of the country is NOT non commercial travel and the exemption does not apply. I don’t know how Chile interprets or enforces that rule. The other potential problem relates to the nearly-total ban on international travel with Brazilian rosewood, because that means that if a customs inspector decides that your bass has a Brazilian rosewood fingerboard you could be in big trouble. Many bass players can’t tell the difference between Brazilian rosewood and some of the other species, and I’ll bet most customs inspectors can’t, either. At the very least, I would suggest traveling with documentation in the case that shows that the fingerboard is NOT Brazilian rosewood (a sales receipt or catalog).